These findings also suggest that Income before Special Items is not a good measure of operating or core income.
HBS & MIT Sloan paper, page 22
…for every dollar of income-increasing Core Earnings adjustments, only 55 cents is incorporated in Street Earnings; similarly, for every dollar of income-decreasing Core Earnings adjustments, only 54 cents is incorporated in Street Earnings.
HBS & MIT Sloan paper, page 28
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