Metrics Definitions

Here are the definitions and formulas behind all of our calculations.

The reliability of our research comes, not from fancy formulas, but from using the best fundamental data in the world, as proven by Core Earnings: New Data and Evidence, forthcoming in The Journal of Financial Economics.

Here’s proof from some of the most respected public & private institutions in the world.

Basic Metrics

Enhanced Metrics

Get Investment Research That Reads the Fine Print