Snap, Inc. (SNAP: $9/share) – Closing Short Position – down 65% vs. S&P up 14%
Snap was originally selected as a Danger Zone Idea on 2/6/17 in advance of its March 2 IPO. At the time of the initial report, the stock received an Unattractive rating. Our short thesis highlighted declining economic earnings, slowing user growth, and an inability to compete against entrenched social media giants. Where other investors saw the next Facebook (FB), we saw the next Twitter (TWTR): a platform that was limited in size and would always struggle with monetization.
During the 707-day holding period, SNAP outperformed as a short position, declining 65% from its IPO day closing price of $24/share and 50% from its offering price of $17/share, compared to a 14% gain for the S&P 500.
In the nearly two years since its IPO, just about everything that we said could go wrong for SNAP has gone wrong. A short list of SNAP’s woes includes:
- User growth slowed and then turned negative as Instagram copied all its primary features.
- The analysts that helped prop up the stock changed their tunes and turned bearish.
- The highly touted “Spectacles” were a complete flop and led to a $40 million write-down.
- The management team has seen massive turnover, with over 20 senior execs leaving since the IPO.
None of the issues we identified in our initial report have changed. However, it appears the market has absorbed so much bad news at this point that there’s little left to drive the stock down further and a low bar for it to pop back up. In its latest earnings report, SNAP reported no user growth and nearly $200 million in operating losses. Since the market expected users to decline and losses to be even larger, the stock jumped 25%.
With the market willing to reward such a poor quarter – along with the possibility of an acquisition if CEO Evan Spiegel ever changes his mind – we’ve decided to take our gains and close our position. SNAP still earns an Unattractive rating in our model, but we’re not recommending it as a short idea at these levels.
Figure 1: SNAP vs. S&P 500 – Price Return – Successful Short Call
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Note: Gain/Decline performance analysis excludes transaction costs and dividends.
This article originally published on February 8, 2019.
Disclosure: David Trainer, Kyle Guske II, and Sam McBride receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, style, or theme.