Eight new stocks make our Safest Dividend Yields Model Portfolio this month, which was made available to members on November 19, 2020.
Recap from October’s Picks
On a price return basis, our Safest Dividend Yields Model Portfolio (+8.9%) outperformed the S&P 500 (+5.2%) by 3.7% from October 21, 2020 through November 17, 2020. On a total return basis, the Model Portfolio (+9.2%) outperformed the S&P 500 (+5.2%) by 4.0% over the same time. The best performing large cap stock was up 20%, and the best performing small cap stock was up 26%. Overall, 11 out of the 20 Safest Dividend Yield stocks outperformed their respective benchmarks (S&P 500 and Russell 2000) from October 21, 2020 through November 17, 2020.
Only our research utilizes the superior data and earnings adjustments featured by the HBS & MIT Sloan paper,"Core Earnings: New Data and Evidence.” This Model Portfolio leverages our Robo-Analyst technology, which scales our forensic accounting expertise (featured in Barron’s) across thousands of stocks.
This Model Portfolio only includes stocks that earn an Attractive or Very Attractive rating, have positive free cash flow and economic earnings, and offer a dividend yield greater than 3%. Companies with strong free cash flow provide higher quality and safer dividend yields because we know they have the cash to support the dividend. We think this portfolio provides a uniquely well-screened group of stocks that can help clients outperform.
Featured Stock for November: Kellogg Company (K: $64/share)
Kellogg Company (K) is the featured stock in November’s Safest Dividend Yields Model Portfolio.
Kellogg’s return on invested capital (ROIC) of 9% is unchanged from 2015, but the firm’s economic earnings, or the true cash flows of the business, have grown from $811 million in 2015 to $954 million TTM.
Figure 1: Core Earnings Since 2014
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Cash Flow Supports Dividend Payments
Kellogg has paid a dividend every year since 1952. The firm increased its dividend payments from $1.98/share in 2015 to $2.26/share in 2019, or 3% compounded annually. The current quarterly dividend, when annualized provides a 3.5% dividend yield.
Kellogg’s dividend payment is supported by the firm’s strong free cash flow (FCF). Kellogg generated $5.5 billion (25% of current market cap) in FCF while paying $3.7 billion in dividends from 2015 to 2019, per Figure 2. Over the TTM, Kellogg has generated $1.1 billion in FCF and paid out $781 million in dividends.
Figure 2: Kellogg’s FCF vs. Dividends Since 2015
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Companies with strong FCF provide higher quality dividend yields because we know the firm has the cash to support its dividend. On the other hand, dividends from companies with low or negative FCF cannot be trusted as much because the company may not be able to sustain paying dividends.
K Is Undervalued
At its current price of $64/share, K has a price-to-economic book value (PEBV) ratio of 0.6. This ratio means the market expects Kellogg’s NOPAT to permanently decline by 40%. This expectation seems overly pessimistic given that Kellogg has grown NOPAT by 4% compounded annually over the past two decades.
Even if Kellogg’s margin falls to 9% (ten-year low) and the firm grows revenue by 1% compounded annually over the next decade, which results in NOPAT falling by less than 1% compounded annually over the same time, the stock is worth $105/share today – a 64% upside. See the math behind this reverse DCF scenario.
Critical Details Found in Financial Filings by Our Robo-Analyst Technology
As investors focus more on fundamental research, research automation technology is needed to analyze all the critical financial details in financial filings as shown in the Harvard Business School and MIT Sloan paper,"Core Earnings: New Data and Evidence”.
Below are specifics on the adjustments we make based on Robo-Analyst findings in Kellogg’s 10-Q’s and 10-K:
Balance Sheet: we made $3.8 billion of adjustments to calculate invested capital with a net increase of $3.3 billion. The most notable adjustment was $1.5 billion (11% of reported net assets) in other comprehensive income. See all adjustments to Kellogg’s balance sheet here.
Valuation: we made $11.2 billion of adjustments with a net effect of decreasing shareholder value by $9.4 billion. Apart from total debt, one of the most notable adjustments to shareholder value was $903 million in excess cash. This adjustment represents 4% of Kellogg’s market value. See all adjustments to Kellogg’s valuation here.
This article originally published on November 24, 2020.
Disclosure: David Trainer, Kyle Guske II, and Matt Shuler receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, style, or theme.
 Harvard Business School features the powerful impact of our research automation technology in the case New Constructs: Disrupting Fundamental Analysis with Robo-Analysts.
 Our core earnings are a superior measure of profits, as demonstrated in Core Earnings: New Data & Evidence a paper by professors at Harvard Business School (HBS) & MIT Sloan. The paper empirically shows that our data is superior to “Operating Income After Depreciation” and “Income Before Special Items” from Compustat, owned by S&P Global (SPGI).