Six new stocks make our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio this month, which was made available to members on October 30, 2019.
Recap from September’s Picks
Our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio outperformed the S&P 500 from September 26, 2019 through October 28, 2019. The Model Portfolio rose 5.1% on a price return basis and 5.2% on a total return basis. The S&P 500 rose 2.1% on a price return and total return basis. The portfolio’s best performing stock was up 16%. Overall, 19 out of the 30 Dividend Growth Stocks outperformed the S&P from September 26, 2019 through October 28, 2019, and 23 had positive returns.
Only our research utilizes the superior data and earnings adjustments featured by the HBS & MIT Sloan paper, "Core Earnings: New Data and Evidence.” The long-term success of our model portfolio strategies highlights the value of our Robo-Analyst technology, which scales our forensic accounting expertise (featured in Barron’s) across thousands of stocks.
The methodology for this model portfolio mimics an All-Cap Blend style with a focus on dividend growth. Selected stocks earn an Attractive or Very Attractive rating, generate positive free cash flow (FCF) and economic earnings, offer a current dividend yield >1%, and have a 5+ year track record of consecutive dividend growth. This model portfolio is designed for investors who are more focused on long-term capital appreciation than current income, but still appreciate the power of dividends, especially growing dividends.
Featured Stock from October: Discover Financial Services (DFS: $82/share)
Discover Financial Services (DFS) is the featured stock from October’s Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio. We recently made DFS a Long Idea in October 2019 and, despite outperforming (+8% vs. S&P +5%), the stock remains undervalued.
Since 2010, DFS has grown revenue by 6% compounded annually and after-tax operating profit (NOPAT) by 16% compounded annually. DFS’ trailing twelve months (TTM) NOPAT of $3.2 billion is up 11% over the prior TTM period. DFS’ NOPAT margin is up from 12% in 2011 to 23% TTM and its return on invested capital (ROIC) has also improved from 11% to 22% over the same time.
Figure 1: DFS Revenue & NOPAT Since 2010
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Steady Dividend Growth Supported by FCF
Discover Financial Services has increased its annual dividend in each year since 2011. The regular annual dividend has grown from $0.92/share in 2014 to $1.64/share TTM, or 12% compounded annually. DFS easily generates the cash flow needed to continue paying and growing its dividend. Since 2014, DFS has generated cumulative FCF of $11.2 billion (44% of market cap) while paying $2.6 billion in dividends.
Companies with FCF well in excess of dividend payments provide higher quality dividend growth opportunities because we know the firm generates the cash to support a higher dividend. On the other hand, the dividend of a company where FCF falls short of the dividend payment over time cannot be trusted to grow or even stay the same because of inadequate free cash flow.
Figure 2: Free Cash Flow (FCF) vs. Regular Dividend Payments
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
DFS Holds Significant Upside Potential
At its current price of $82/share, DFS has a price-to-economic book value (PEBV) ratio of 0.7. This ratio means the market expects DFS’ NOPAT to permanently decline by 30%. This expectation seems rather pessimistic for a firm that has grown NOPAT by 16% compounded annually since 2010 and 11% compounded annually since 2007.
If DFS can maintain a 22% NOPAT margin (slightly down from 23% in 2018) and grow NOPAT by 5% compounded annually over the next decade, the stock is worth $150/share today, an 83% upside to the current stock price. See the math behind this reverse DCF scenario. Add in DFS’ 2.2% dividend yield and history of dividend growth, and it’s clear why this stock is in October’s Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio.
Critical Details Found in Financial Filings by Our Robo-Analyst Technology
As investors focus more on fundamental research, research automation technology is needed to analyze all the critical financial details in financial filings as shown in the Harvard Business School and MIT Sloan paper, "Core Earnings: New Data and Evidence”.
Below are specifics on the adjustments we make based on Robo-Analyst findings in Discover Financial Service’s 2018 10-K:
Income Statement: we made $737 million of adjustments, with a net effect of removing $269 million in non-operating expense (2% of revenue). You can see all the adjustments made to DFS’ income statement here.
Balance Sheet: we made $4.5 billion of adjustments to calculate invested capital with a net increase of $3.1 billion. The most notable adjustment was $3.0 billion (27% of reported net assets) related to total reserves. See all adjustments to DFS’ balance sheet here.
Valuation: we made $724 million of adjustments with a net effect of decreasing shareholder value by $724 million. There were no adjustments that increased shareholder value. The largest adjustment to shareholder value was $563 million in preferred stock. This adjustment represents 2% of DFS’ market value. See all adjustments to DFS’ valuation here.
This article originally published on November 6, 2019.
Disclosure: David Trainer, Kyle Guske II, and Sam McBride receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, style, or theme.
 Harvard Business School features the powerful impact of our research automation technology in the case New Constructs: Disrupting Fundamental Analysis with Robo-Analysts.