Eight new stocks make our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio this month, which was made available to members on January 28, 2021.
Recap From December’s Picks
On a price return basis, our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio (+4.5%) outperformed the S&P 500 (+3.2%) by 1.3% from December 30, 2020 through January 26, 2021. On a total return basis, the Model Portfolio (+4.7%) outperformed the S&P 500 (+3.2%) by 1.5% over the same time. The best performing stock was up 32%. Overall, 16 out of the 30 Dividend Growth Stocks outperformed the S&P 500 from December 30, 2020 through January 26, 2021.
More reliable & proprietary fundamental data, proven in The Journal of Financial Economics, drives our research. Our proprietary Robo-Analyst technology scales our forensic accounting expertise (featured in Barron’s) across thousands of stocks to produce an unrivaled database of fundamental data.
The methodology for this model portfolio mimics an All-Cap Blend style with a focus on dividend growth. Selected stocks earn an Attractive or Very Attractive rating, generate positive free cash flow (FCF) and economic earnings, offer a current dividend yield >1%, and have a 5+ year track record of consecutive dividend growth. This model portfolio is designed for investors who are more focused on long-term capital appreciation than current income, but still appreciate the power of dividends, especially growing dividends.
Featured Stock From January: Best Buy Co, Inc. (BBY: $109/share)
Best Buy Co, Inc. (BBY) is the featured stock from January’s Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio. Best Buy was also one of our best performing Long Ideas in 2020 and remains undervalued.
Best Buy has grown net operating profit after-tax (NOPAT) by 7% compounded annually over the past five years and 10% compounded annually over the past two decades. The firm’s NOPAT margin has increased from 3% in fiscal 2016 to 4% over the trailing-twelve-months (TTM), while return on invested capital (ROIC) has improved from 12% to 21% over the same time.
Figure 1: Best Buy NOPAT & Revenue Since Fiscal 2016
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Steady Dividend Growth Supported by FCF
Best Buy has increased its regular dividend for eight consecutive years and from $1.43/share in fiscal 2016 to $2.00/share in fiscal 2020, or 9% compounded annually. The current quarterly dividend, when annualized, equals $2.20/share and provides a 2.0% dividend yield.
More importantly, Best Buy’s strong free cash flow (FCF) supports the firm’s growing dividend payments. Best Buy generated a cumulative $7.3 billion (26% of current market cap) in FCF while paying $2.4 billion in dividends from fiscal 2016 to fiscal 2020, per Figure 2. Over the TTM, Best Buy generated $3.5 billion in free cash flow and paid $555 million in dividends.
Figure 2: Free Cash Flow (FCF) vs. Regular Dividend Payments
Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings
Companies with FCF well in excess of dividend payments provide higher quality dividend growth opportunities because we know the firm generates the cash to support a higher dividend. On the other hand, the dividend of a company where FCF falls short of the dividend payment over time cannot be trusted to grow or even maintain its dividend because of inadequate free cash flow.
BBY Has Upside Potential
At its current price of $109/share BBY has a price-to-economic book value (PEBV) ratio of 0.8. This ratio means the market expects Best Buy’s NOPAT to permanently decline by 20%. This expectation seems overly pessimistic for a firm that has grown NOPAT by 10% compounded annually over the past two decades.
Even if Best Buy’s NOPAT margin falls to 3.9% (equal to fiscal 2020 vs. 4.3% TTM), and the firm grows NOPAT by just 3% compounded annually for the next 10 years, the stock is worth $143/share today – a 31% upside. See the math behind the reverse DCF scenario. Add in Best Buy’s 2.0% dividend yield and history of dividend growth, and it’s clear why this stock is in December’s Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio.
Critical Details Found in Financial Filings by Our Robo-Analyst Technology
Below are specifics on the adjustments we make based on Robo-Analyst findings in Best Buy’s 10-Qs and 10-K:
Income Statement: we made $296 million of adjustments with a net effect of removing $158 million in non-operating expenses (<1% of revenue). See all adjustments made to Best Buy’s income statement here.
Balance Sheet: we made $3.0 billion of adjustments to calculate invested capital with a net increase of $1.8 billion. The most notable adjustment was $2.4 billion (31% of reported net assets) in asset write-downs. See all adjustments to Best Buy’s balance sheet here.
Valuation: we made $8.3 billion of adjustments with a net effect of decreasing shareholder value by $1.4 billion. Apart from total debt, one of the most notable adjustments to shareholder value was $3.4 billion in excess cash. This adjustment represents 12% of Best Buy’s market value. See all adjustments to Best Buy’s valuation here.
This article originally published on February 3, 2021.
Disclosure: David Trainer, Kyle Guske II, Alex Sword, and Matt Shuler receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, style, or theme.
 Harvard Business School features our research automation technology in the case Disrupting Fundamental Analysis with Robo-Analysts.
 See how our models and financial ratios are superior to Bloomberg and Capital IQ’s (SPGI) analytics in the detailed appendix of this paper.